Assessment and Comparison of Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Undergraduate Medical and Nursing Students Regarding Training of Basic Life Support

  • Omar Nisar Shalamar Medical & Dental College,Lahore
  • Sameet Ahmad
  • Rida Tariq
  • Sana Waheed
  • Muneeba Arif
  • Samaha Nisar
Keywords: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation,  Medical, Undergraduate, Knowledge, Attitude, Practices , Nursing


Objectives :To assess and compare Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices of Medical and Nursing Students regarding BLS. Materials and Methods: Design:  Cross-sectional study. Setting& Duration :This study  was done at Shalamar Institute of Health Sciences, Lahore in a period of 3 months. Inclusion Criteria: Students from all years of MBBS and BS Nursing were taken as subjects .Data Collection and Analysis: Participants satisfying  inclusion criteria were requested to fill out a  self-structured pre tested questionnaire after informed consent. Data was analyzed using SPSSv.21. Results : There were 330 participants from MBBS and BS Nursing (50 from each class of MBBS and 20 from each class of BS Nursing). The age of  participants ranged from 18 to 30 (Figure-I). Only 250 subjects had heard about BLS. Out of 330 participants only 204 had good knowledge about BLS (Table-2) and 126 had poor knowledge of BLS where score of higher than 3 out of 7 was considered as good. Knowledge of Medical and Nursing Students was compared and the p-value came out to be 0.088, which was considered insignificant. Only 34.5% of the participants had learned BLS by training and only 13.3% of the participants (Table-3) had practically done BLS. Most of the people gave no reason for not attending a training session for BLS

Conclusion:It was concluded that medical and nursing students had satisfactory knowledge of BLS and more attention was needed towards this important life-saving skill.


Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation,  Medical, Undergraduate, Knowledge, Attitude, Practices , Nursing





[1] Sangamesh NC, Vidya KC, Pathi J, Singh A. Awareness, Attitude, and Knowledge of Basic Life Support among Medical, Dental, and Nursing Faculties and Students in the University Hospital. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent. 2017; 7(4): Page161–167. doi:10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_240_17
[2] Almesned, A., Almeman, A., Alakhtar, A. M., AlAboudi, A. A., Alotaibi, A. Z., Al Ghasham,Y. A., & Aldamegh, M. S. (2014). Basic life support knowledge of healthcare students and professionals in the Qassim University. International journal of health sciences, Vol 8(2), Page 141–150.
[3] Zaheer H. ,Haque Z. , Awareness about BLS (CPR) among medical students: status and requirements(2009).Journal of Pakistan Medical Association. Vol 59(1) Page 57-59
[4] Robak, O., Kulnig, J., Sterz, F., Uray, T., Haugk, M., Kliegel, A., … Domanovits, H. (2006). CPR in medical schools: learning by teaching BLS to sudden cardiac death survivors--a promising strategy for medical students?. BMC medical education,Vol 6, 27. doi:10.1186/1472- 6920-6-27
[5] Spooner B, Fallaha J, Kocierz L, Smith C, Smith S, Perkins G. An evaluation of objective feedback in basic life support (BLS) training. Resuscitation. 2007;73(3):417-424.
[6] Campello G, Granja C, Carvalho F, Dias C, Azevedo L, Costa-Pereira A. Immediate and long-term impact of medical emergency teams on cardiac arrest prevalence and mortality: A plea for periodic basic life-support training programs*. Critical Care Medicine. 2009;37(12):3054- 3061.
[7] Castle N, Garton H, Kenward G. Confidence vs competence: basic life support skills of health professionals. British Journal of Nursing. 2007;16(11):664-666.
[8] Flint L, Billi J, Kelly K, Mandel L, Newell L, Stapleton E. Education in adult basic life support training programs. Annals of Emergency Medicine. 1993;22(2):468-474.
[9] Saquib S, Al-Harthi H, Khoshhal A, Shaher A, Al-Shammari A, Khan A et al. Knowledge and Attitude about Basic Life Support and Emergency Medical Services amongst Healthcare Interns in University Hospitals: A Cross-Sectional Study. Emergency Medicine International. 2019;2019:1-8.
[10] Majid A, Jamali M, Ashrafi M, Ul Haq Z, Irfan R, Rehan A et al. Knowledge and Attitude Towards Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Among Doctors of a Tertiary Care Hospital in Karachi. Cureus. 2019;.
[11] Sohail CS, Ahmad MQ, Nadeem F, Jahngir MU, Khalil MJ, et al. (2018) Basic Life Support: Knowledge and Attitude of Medical Students. Ann Community Med Pract 4(2): 1034.
[12] Yunus M, Mishra A, Karim H, Raphael V, Ahmed G, Myrthong C. Knowledge, attitude and practice of basic life support among junior doctors and students in a tertiary care medical institute. 2019.

How to Cite
Nisar, O., Ahmad, S., Tariq, R., Waheed, S., Arif, M., & Nisar, S. (2020). Assessment and Comparison of Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Undergraduate Medical and Nursing Students Regarding Training of Basic Life Support. Annals of Jinnah Sindh Medical University, 6(2), 60-65.