Print or Electronic: Preferences of the New Generation of Medical and Dentistry Students

  • Sarah Amin Charania Ziauddin University, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Gati Ara Ziauddin University, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Asaad Khalid Khan Ziauddin University, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Arsalan Sheikh Ziauddin University, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Manisha Devi Ziauddin University, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Aarish Lalani Ziauddin University, Karachi, Pakistan
Keywords: Print media, Electronic media, Medical students, Mode of learning


Objectives: To assess the preference for print or electronic media among undergraduate students of medical and dental colleges of Karachi and to compare the students of public versus private medical and dental colleges according to the study methods they prioritize
Methodology: A cross-sectional survey was conducted over a period of more than a year. At the confidence level of 95% and bound on error of 5%, a minimum sample size of 384 was calculated and sample size of 477 was finalized after allowing for a non-response rate of 24%. The convenience sampling technique was employed to select medical students. Data was collected using a structured, self- administered questionnaire in English language after a written Informed Consent was obtained from each participant. Data was analysed using SPSS version 20. The quantitative variables were represented as mean and standard deviation. The
qualitative variables were represented as frequencies and percentages. Chi-square test of significance was applied for finding any significant differences. P-value of less than 0.05 was taken as significant.
Result: The mean age of n=477 students was 21+/- 2 years. Majority were MBBS students, with 53% from public institutes. We found that 52% students preferred print medium, whereas 26% students preferred screens. There was an association between public sector colleges and preferring print medium (p= 0.0001). A significant association was found between gender and method of study (p=0.0001). Age was associated with preference for print medium (p=0.02), also higher level of study was associated with preferring print medium (p=0.001).
Most students prioritized books (71%) but retained better with videos (63%). Most students (56%) preferred textbooks over reference books. Dr. Najeeb's videos were the most preferred videos (75%), furthermore, the most used site was Wikipedia (48%). Internet was the top source for preparing for PBLs (50%).
Conclusion: The study showed that majority students still prefer print medium and prioritize books over other methods. Students claimed that they retain best with videos and books. So, increasing the use of videos for teaching is recommended. The Pandemic has necessitated the increased use of online teaching modalities. Students should be encouraged to use more reliable websites.

Author Biographies

Sarah Amin Charania, Ziauddin University, Karachi, Pakistan

Final year MBBS Student, Ziauddin University, Karachi, Pakistan

Gati Ara, Ziauddin University, Karachi, Pakistan

Assistant Professor, Department of Community Health Sciences, Ziauddin University, Karachi, Pakistan

Asaad Khalid Khan, Ziauddin University, Karachi, Pakistan

Final year MBBS Student, Ziauddin University, Karachi, Pakistan

Arsalan Sheikh, Ziauddin University, Karachi, Pakistan

Final year MBBS Student, Ziauddin University, Karachi, Pakistan

Manisha Devi, Ziauddin University, Karachi, Pakistan

Final year MBBS Student, Ziauddin University, Karachi, Pakistan

Aarish Lalani, Ziauddin University, Karachi, Pakistan

Final year MBBS Student, Ziauddin University, Karachi, Pakistan


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How to Cite
Charania, S., Ara, G., Khan, A., Sheikh, A., Devi, M., & Lalani, A. (2022). Print or Electronic: Preferences of the New Generation of Medical and Dentistry Students. Annals of Jinnah Sindh Medical University, 8(1), 20-25.